Ecuador And The Philippines Are The Main Exporters Of Bananas With A Combined Share Of 44% Tropical And Subtropical Fruits February 18, 2015
Author: Svetlana Sitkova
Head of Industrial Research Department

The global bananas market has shown sustainable growth in the last few years, reaching 42,087.1 million USD in 2013. Global growth in production of bananas is expected to slow to 8% (currently +16%), amidst sluggish global demand. 

The countries with the largest volume of harvested areas of bananas in 2013 were India (796 thousand HA), Brazil (485 thousand HA), the United Republic of Tanzania (485 thousand HA), which together accounted for 34% of the global volume. In Burundi, harvested area of bananas declined by 5% annually from 2007-2013. Brazil, Ecuador and Uganda declined by 1% annually from 2007-2013.   

The yield also fluctuated slightly in the analyzed period. Its lowest point was in 2007 at 196 thousand Hg/HA and the highest was in 2012 with 212 thousand Hg/HA. The yield in 2013 was lower than in 2012, 210 thousand Hg/HA. The difference in yields can be explained mainly by the different climatic conditions.   

The output of the five major producers of bananas, namely India, China, the Philippines, Brazil and Ecuador, represent more than one half of global bananas output. In the United Republic of Tanzania the production levels decreased by 2% annually from 2007-2013. The balance of the countries showed steady growth in physical terms. Especially high were the growth levels in Angola (+20%) and Guatemala (+7%).   

In 2013, the USA (20%), Belgium (16%), Germany (7%) and the Russian Federation (6%) were the main destinations of bananas imports and together made up 49% of the global imports, in physical terms. The share of the USA decreased from 25% to 20%, the share of Germany decreased from 8% to 5%.

Ecuador and the Philippines were the main global exporters of bananas with a combined share of 44% of global exports. However, the fastest growing exporters from 2007-20013 were Mexico (+128% per year) and the Dominican Republic (+11% per year). It should be mentioned that India and China, despite being two of the largest global producers of bananas, do not export much of their production, meaning that it is either domestically consumed, or put in storage.

Ecuador dominates in global bananas production and trade. In 2013, Ecuador exported 28% of its total bananas output. Of this amount, 24% was supplied to the Russian Federation, where Ecuador bananas held 98% share of total Russian consumption.